Seismic microzonation of Dehradun City using geophysical and geotechnical characteristics in the upper 30 m of soil column

A.K. Mahajan, S. Slob, R. Ranjan, R.J. Sporry, P.K. Champati Rah, C.J. van Westen

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Abstract

The understanding of geotechnical characteristics of near-surface material is of fundamental interest in seismic microzonation. Shear wave velocity (Vs), one of the most important soil properties for soil response modeling, has been evaluated through seismic profiling using the multichannel analysis of surface waves in the city of Dehradun situated along the foothills of northwest Himalaya. Fifty sites in the city have been investigated with survey lines between 72 and 96m in length. Multiple 1-D and interpolated 2-D profiles have been generated up to a depth of 30–40m. The Vs were used in the SHAKE2000 software in combination with seismic input motion of the recent Chamoli earthquake to obtain site response and amplification spectra. The estimated Vs are higher in the northern part of the study area (i.e., 200–700m/s from the surface to a depth of about 30m) as compared to the south and southwestern parts of the city (i.e., 180–400m/s for the same depth range). The response spectra suggest that spectral acceleration values for two-story structures are three to eight times higher than peak ground acceleration at bedrock. The analysis also suggests peak amplification at 3–4, 2–2.5, and 1–1.5Hz in the northern, central, and south-southwestern parts of the city, respectively. The spatial distributions of Vs and spectral accelerations provide valuable information for the seismic microzonation in different parts of the urban area of Dehradun.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-370
JournalJournal of Seismology
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • ADLIB-ART-2597
  • ESA
  • 2024 OA procedure

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