Kinetic and in situ spectroscopic studies of Co¿Pt/MFI and Co¿Pt/HY catalysts for the selective reduction of NOx with propylene in the presence of oxygen were carried out. The results of catalytic tests of Co¿Pt/MFI showed that the addition of Pt to Co based catalyst improved the activity, but a small increase in selectivity to N2O (15¿20%) was observed. In the case of Co¿Pt/HY catalyst, the addition of Pt improved the activity more significantly and however, a larger increase in selectivity to N2O (6¿72%) was obtained. It was also found from the results of FT-IR studies of Co¿Pt/MFI that the reduction of NO to N2 was as follows: firstly the oxidation of NO to NO2 occurred over metallic Pt and NO2 forms Co¿NO2, Co¿ONO, and/or Co¿ONO2; secondly, the partial oxidation of C3H6 was happened over Brønsted acid sites and the reaction of NO2 formed on Co sites with partial oxidized C3H6 produced organo-nitro species. These species were dehydrated and isomerized to form isocyanate. Finally, [NCO] type intermediates react with NO from gas phase to selectively yield N2.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|