The preselection of hypermethylated DNA (hmDNA) from liquid biopsy samples is key to enable early-stage cancer diagnostics. Due to limited selectivity of the existing preselection approaches, however, wide integration in the clinic is currently prohibited. Here, it is argued that an affinity method on a surface, such as used in affinity chromatography, can be significantly improved by employing the principles of multivalency and superselectivity. In the here proposed method, a methyl binding domain (MBD) protein immobilized at a surface is used as a receptor for (hyper)methylated DNA. By the organization of multiple MBDs on a surface, a multivalent binding platform is achieved. The MBD surface receptor density on that platform is key to increase the enrichment selectivity of hmDNA as a single MBD protein binds both methylated and non-methylated DNA with a small difference in affinity. When the receptor density is varied, multivalent analyte binding typically responds in a non-linear fashion, which phenomenon is called superselectivity. By careful tuning of the MBD density, it is envisaged that the selectivity for methylated over non-methylated DNA can be optimized. Strong applicability is foreseen in a medical setting by implementing such an enrichment step in an analytical process or a lab-on-a-chip device.
|Journal||Advanced materials interfaces|
|Early online date||25 Oct 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Dec 2022|