Sparse neural networks have been widely applied to reduce the necessary resource requirements to train and deploy over-parameterized deep neural networks. For inference acceleration, methods that induce sparsity from a pre-trained dense network (dense-to-sparse) work effectively. Recently, dynamic sparse training (DST) has been proposed to train sparse neural networks without pre-training a dense network (sparse-to-sparse), so that the training process can also be accelerated. However, previous sparse-to-sparse methods mainly focus on Multilayer Perceptron Networks (MLPs) and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), failing to match the performance of dense-to-sparse methods in Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) setting. In this paper, we propose an approach to train sparse RNNs with a fixed parameter count in one single run, without compromising performance. During training, we allow RNN layers to have a non-uniform redistribution across cell gates for a better regularization. Further, we introduce SNT-ASGD, a variant of the averaged stochastic gradient optimizer, which significantly improves the performance of all sparse training methods for RNNs. Using these strategies, we achieve state-of-the-art sparse training results with various types of RNNs on Penn TreeBank and Wikitext-2 datasets.
|Title of host publication||The Thirty-eighth International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2021|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 8 May 2021|