Semantic Description of Explainable Machine Learning Workflows for Improving Trust

Patricia Inoue Nakagawa*, Luís Ferreira Pires, João Luiz Rebelo Moreira, Luiz Olavo Bonino da Silva Santos, Faiza Bukhsh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
266 Downloads (Pure)


Explainable Machine Learning comprises methods and techniques that enable users to better understand the machine learning functioning and results. This work proposes an ontology that represents explainable machine learning experiments, allowing data scientists and developers to have a holistic view, a better understanding of the explainable machine learning process, and to build trust. We developed the ontology by reusing an existing domain-specific ontology (ML-SCHEMA) and grounding it in the Unified Foundational Ontology (UFO), aiming at achieving interoperability. The proposed ontology is structured in three modules: (1) the general module, (2) the specific module, and (3) the explanation module. The ontology was evaluated using a case study in the scenario of the COVID-19 pandemic using healthcare data from patients, which are sensitive data. In the case study, we trained a Support Vector Machine to predict mortality of patients infected with COVID-19 and applied existing explanation methods to generate explanations from the trained model. Based on the case study, we populated the ontology and queried it to ensure that it fulfills its intended purpose and to demonstrate its suitability
Original languageEnglish
Article number10804
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2021


  • XAI
  • Machine Learning (ML)
  • Semantic web technologies
  • Ontology


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