Semiconductor materials and their properties

Angelina H.M.E. Reinders, Pierre Verlinden, Wilfried van Sark, Alexandre Freundlich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Semiconductor materials are the basic materials which are used in photovoltaic (PV) devices. This chapter introduces solid-state physics and semiconductor properties that are relevant to photovoltaics without spending too much time on unnecessary information. Usually atoms in the group of semiconductor materials form crystalline structures in solid-state conditions. Ideally these structures consist of an infinite repetition of identical groups of atoms. The bonds between atoms in a semiconductor crystal are single covalent bonds. Covalent bonding is the sharing of valence electrons which are the electrons in the outer electron shell of the atom. When individual atoms are brought together in a crystalline lattice, energy bands are formed in a semiconductor material. The energy band representation of materials can visually explain the difference between insulators, semiconductors and conductors. A semiconductor's bandgap energy is low enough to achieve conductivity under specific circumstances.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications
EditorsAngele Reinders, Pierre Verlinden, Wilfried van Sark, Alexandre Freundlich
PublisherWiley & Sons
Pages13-20
ISBN (Print)978-1-118-92746-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

Name
PublisherWiley & Sons

Fingerprint

atoms
energy bands
solid state physics
lattice energy
electrons
covalent bonds
repetition
conductors
insulators
solid state
valence
conductivity
single crystals
energy

Keywords

  • IR-101064
  • METIS-317660

Cite this

Reinders, A. H. M. E., Verlinden, P., van Sark, W., & Freundlich, A. (2017). Semiconductor materials and their properties. In A. Reinders, P. Verlinden, W. van Sark, & A. Freundlich (Eds.), Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications (pp. 13-20). Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118927496.ch2
Reinders, Angelina H.M.E. ; Verlinden, Pierre ; van Sark, Wilfried ; Freundlich, Alexandre. / Semiconductor materials and their properties. Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications. editor / Angele Reinders ; Pierre Verlinden ; Wilfried van Sark ; Alexandre Freundlich. Wiley & Sons, 2017. pp. 13-20
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Reinders, AHME, Verlinden, P, van Sark, W & Freundlich, A 2017, Semiconductor materials and their properties. in A Reinders, P Verlinden, W van Sark & A Freundlich (eds), Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications. Wiley & Sons, pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118927496.ch2

Semiconductor materials and their properties. / Reinders, Angelina H.M.E.; Verlinden, Pierre; van Sark, Wilfried; Freundlich, Alexandre.

Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications. ed. / Angele Reinders; Pierre Verlinden; Wilfried van Sark; Alexandre Freundlich. Wiley & Sons, 2017. p. 13-20.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Semiconductor materials are the basic materials which are used in photovoltaic (PV) devices. This chapter introduces solid-state physics and semiconductor properties that are relevant to photovoltaics without spending too much time on unnecessary information. Usually atoms in the group of semiconductor materials form crystalline structures in solid-state conditions. Ideally these structures consist of an infinite repetition of identical groups of atoms. The bonds between atoms in a semiconductor crystal are single covalent bonds. Covalent bonding is the sharing of valence electrons which are the electrons in the outer electron shell of the atom. When individual atoms are brought together in a crystalline lattice, energy bands are formed in a semiconductor material. The energy band representation of materials can visually explain the difference between insulators, semiconductors and conductors. A semiconductor's bandgap energy is low enough to achieve conductivity under specific circumstances.

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BT - Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications

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Reinders AHME, Verlinden P, van Sark W, Freundlich A. Semiconductor materials and their properties. In Reinders A, Verlinden P, van Sark W, Freundlich A, editors, Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications. Wiley & Sons. 2017. p. 13-20 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118927496.ch2