Sensing train integrity

Johan Scholten, Roel Westenberg, Manfred Schoemaker

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)
    613 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper presents a new approach to check integrity of cargo trains based on a distributed wireless sensor network (WSN). The WSN is autonomous and gathers information about the composition of the train without outside help or intervention. If the WSN infers from its data that an unexpected change in composition has occurred, it raises an alarm. While moving, a change in composition usually means an undesirable and hazardous loss of carriages. Train composition is determined by two components of the WSN. The communication protocol produces possible sequences of carriages. Sequences may yield carriages from multiple trains. Acceleration sensors distinguish carriages from different trains by correlating movements from individual carriages. Tests with real cargo trains show that the presented approach is feasible. Existing solutions to check train integrity are almost without exception based on trackside systems, while our solution exclusively depends on the trainbased WSN.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIEEE Sensors 2009 Conference
    Place of PublicationLos Alamitos
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-5335-1
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2009
    Event8th Annual IEEE Conference on Sensors 2009 - Christchurch Convention Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Duration: 25 Oct 200928 Oct 2009
    Conference number: 8


    Conference8th Annual IEEE Conference on Sensors 2009
    Abbreviated titleIEEE SENSORS 2009
    CountryNew Zealand
    Internet address


    • METIS-264097
    • acceleration sensors
    • EWI-16409
    • Movement Correlation
    • IR-68388
    • Wireless Sensor Networks

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