Settlement and drainage analysis of the Franeker bridge embankments, the Netherlands

U.F.A. Karim, H. van Meekeren, R. Feenstra, J. van den Adel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


In this paper a case-based consolidation analysis of one cross-section of bridge embankments in Franeker, the Netherlands is presented. Consolidation coefficients (cv), final primary settlements and the duration of these settlements are re-calculated from the monitored time-settlement data using the simple approach outlined in this paper and are compared to the pre-design values deduced based on laboratory and field site investigation. Use of the case-based data is made to overcome uncertainties in preliminary design input parameters. In this case the uncertainties mainly concern changes in settlement parameters after partial drainage of the soft clayey and peat foundation soil layers, and the soil volume affected by drainage. Although reasonable design predictions by conventional consolidation analysis could be made of the settlements at the end of the construction period, final settlement and duration were overestimated. The paper also presents monitored drainage data and demonstrates that the calculations of drainage quantities improve if separate volumes proportional to the various embankment stages are used.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoft Soil Engineering
EditorsA.K.L. Kwong
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780203739501
ISBN (Print)9026518668, 9789026518669
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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