Sex differences in outcomes after endovascular treatment in posterior circulation stroke: results from the MR CLEAN Registry

the MR CLEAN Registry Investigators

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Background Women with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO) have been reported to have worse outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) than men. Whether these disparities also exist in LVO of the posterior circulation is yet uncertain. We assessed sex differences in clinical, technical, and safety outcomes of EVT in posterior circulation LVO. Methods We used data of patients with posterior circulation LVO included in the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands (MR CLEAN) Registry (2014–2018). Primary outcome was the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days assessed with multivariable ordinal regression analysis. Secondary outcomes included favorable functional outcome (mRS ≤3), functional independence (mRS ≤2), death within 90 days, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score 24–48 hours postintervention, complications, successful reperfusion (extended Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia 2B-3), and procedure duration analyzed with multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses. Results We included 264 patients (42% women). Compared with men, women were older (median age 68 vs 63 years), more often had prestroke disability (mRS ≥1: 37% vs 30%), and received intravenous thrombolytics less often (45% vs 56%). Clinical outcomes were similar between sexes (adjusted (common) OR (aOR) 0.82, 95% CI 0.51 to 1.34; favorable functional outcome 50% vs 43%, aOR 1.31, 95% CI 0.77 to 2.25; death 32% vs 29%, aOR 0.98, 95% CI 0.52 to 1.84). In addition, NIHSS score after 24–48 hours (median 7 vs 9), successful reperfusion (77% vs 73%), and complications did not differ between men and women. Conclusions Outcomes in women treated with EVT for posterior circulation LVO were similar compared with men despite less favorable baseline characteristics in women. Therefore men and women may benefit equally from EVT.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjnis-2023-021086
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 3 Jan 2024


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