Shaping Formal Networks throug the Regulatory Process

Thad E. Hall, Laurence J. O'Toole, Jr.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

    63 Citations (Scopus)


    Recent research has shown that, at the federal level, new or amended programs typically create networks consisting of multiactor structures spanning governments, sectors, and/or agencies. This study examines the implementation structures created through the regulatory process. We find that in a majority of cases the regulatory process adds to the complexity of implementation patterns; previously simple implementation structures often became more complicated and new actors are brought into the process. Rules also serve a key function in clarifying the general language that is often used by Congress. These findings have implications for the study and practice of public administration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-22
    JournalAdministration & society
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


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