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Abstract
In RayleighBénard convection (RBC) for fluids with Prandtl number Pr1, rotation beyond a critical (small) rotation rate is known to cause a sudden enhancement of heat transfer, which can be explained by a change in the character of the boundary layer (BL) dynamics near the top and bottom plates of the convection cell. Namely, with increasing rotation rate, the BL signature suddenly changes from PrandtlBlasius type to Ekman type. The transition from a constant heat transfer to an almost linearly increasing heat transfer with increasing rotation rate is known to be sharp and the critical Rossby number Roc occurs typically in the range 2.3Roc2.9 (for Rayleigh number Ra=1.3×109, Pr=6.7, and a convection cell with aspect ratio Γ=DH=1, with D the diameter and H the height of the cell). The explanation of the sharp transition in the heat transfer points to the change in the dominant flow structure. At 1/Ro1/Roc (slow rotation), the wellknown largescale circulation (LSC) is found: a single domainfilling convection roll made up of many individual thermal plumes. At 1/Ro1/Roc (rapid rotation), the LSC vanishes and is replaced with a collection of swirling plumes that align with the rotation axis. In this paper, by numerically studying Lagrangian acceleration statistics, related to the smallscale properties of the flow structures, we reveal that this transition between these different dominant flow structures happens at a second critical Rossby number, Roc2≈2.25 (different from Roc1≈2.7 for the sharp transition in the Nusselt number Nu; both values for the parameter settings of our present numerical study). When statistical data of Lagrangian tracers near the top plate are collected, it is found that the rootmeansquare values and the kurtosis of the horizontal acceleration of these tracers show a sudden increase at Roc2. To better understand the nature of this transition we compute joint statistics of the Lagrangian velocity and acceleration of fluid particles and vertical vorticity near the top plate. It is found that for Ro2.25 there is hardly any correlation between the vertical vorticity and extreme acceleration events of fluid particles. For Ro2.25, however, vortical regions are much more prominent and extreme horizontal acceleration events are now correlated to large values of positive (cyclonic) vorticity. This suggests that the observed sudden transition in the acceleration statistics is related to thermal plumes with cyclonic vorticity developing in the Ekman BL and subsequently becoming mature and entering the bulk of the flow for Ro2.25.
Original language  English 

Article number  074601 
Journal  Physical review fluids 
Volume  4 
Issue number  7 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  3 Jul 2019 
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Dive into the research topics of 'Sharp transitions in rotating turbulent convection: Lagrangian acceleration statistics reveal a second critical Rossby number'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.Activities
 1 Oral presentation

Sharp transitions in the Lagrangian acceleration statistics in rotating RayleighBenard convection
H.J.H. Clercx (Speaker), Kim M.J. Alards (Contributor), Richard J.A.M. Stevens (Contributor), Detlef Lohse (Contributor) & Federico Toschi (Contributor)
18 Nov 2018Activity: Talk or presentation › Oral presentation