Short period La/B and LaN/B multilayer mirrors for ~6.8 nm wavelength

Igor A. Makhotkin* (Corresponding Author), Erwin Zoethout, Robbert van de Kruijs, Sergey N. Yakunin, Eric Louis, A. M. Yakunin, V. Banine, S. Müllender, Fred Bijkerk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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In the first part of this article we experimentally show that contrast between the very thin layers of La and B enables close to theoretical reflectance. The reflectivity at 6.8 nm wavelength was measured from La/B multilayer mirrors with period thicknesses ranging from 3.5 to 7.2 nm at the appropriate angle for constructive interference. The difference between the measured reflectance and the reflectance calculated for a perfect multilayer structure decreases with increasing multilayer period. The reflectance of the multilayer with the largest period approaches the theoretical value, showing that the optical contrast between the very thin layers of these structures allows to experimentally access close to theoretical reflectance. In the second part of the article we discuss the structure of La/B and LaN/B multilayers. This set of multilayers is probed by hard X-rays (λ = 0.154 nm) and EUV radiation (λ = 6.8 nm). The structure is reconstructed based on a simultaneous fit of the grazing incidence hard X-ray reflectivity and the EUV reflectivity curves. The reflectivity analysis of the La/B and LaN/B multilayer mirrors shows that the lower reflectance of La/B mirrors compared to LaN/B mirrors can be explained by the presence of 5% of La atoms in the B layer and 63% of B in La layer. After multi-parametrical optimization of the LaN/B system, including the nitridation of La, the highest near normal incidence reflectivity of 57.3% at 6.6 nm wavelength has been measured from a multilayer mirror, containing 175 bi-layers. This is the highest value reported so far.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29894-29904
Number of pages11
JournalOptics express
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2013


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