We have studied the reflectivity of CMOS-compatible three-dimensional silicon inverse woodpile photonic crystals at near-infrared frequencies. Polarization-resolved reflectivity spectra were obtained from two orthogonal crystal surfaces using an objective with a high numerical aperture. The spectra reveal broad peaks with maximum reflectivity of 67% that are independent of the spatial position on the crystals. The spectrally overlapping reflectivity peaks for all directions and polarizations form the signature of a broad photonic band gap with a relative bandwidth up to 16%. This signature is supported with stop gaps in plane-wave band-structure calculations and with the frequency region of the expected band gap.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 23 May 2011|