Signature of a three-dimensional photonic band gap observed on silicon inverse woodpile photonic crystals

Simon R. Huisman*, Rajesh V. Nair, Léon A. Woldering, Merel D. Leistikow, Allard P. Mosk, Willem L. Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We have studied the reflectivity of CMOS-compatible three-dimensional silicon inverse woodpile photonic crystals at near-infrared frequencies. Polarization-resolved reflectivity spectra were obtained from two orthogonal crystal surfaces using an objective with a high numerical aperture. The spectra reveal broad peaks with maximum reflectivity of 67% that are independent of the spatial position on the crystals. The spectrally overlapping reflectivity peaks for all directions and polarizations form the signature of a broad photonic band gap with a relative bandwidth up to 16%. This signature is supported with stop gaps in plane-wave band-structure calculations and with the frequency region of the expected band gap.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205313
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume83
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2011

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