Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures

Peter Schüffelgen, Daniel Rosenbach, Yuan Pang, Jörn Kampmeier, Martina Luysberg, Lidia Kibkalo, Gregor Mussler, Dick Veldhuis, Alexander Brinkman, Li Lu, Thomas Schäpers, Detlev Grützmacher

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Abstract

In order to access exotic Dirac and Majorana states in (Bi,Sb)-based topological insulators (TIs), the physical surface of those crystals should not be exposed to air. 2–3 nm of in situ deposited Al on top of pristine TI thin films immediately oxidizes after taking the sample to ambient conditions. The native AlO x provides a favorable hard capping, which preserves the topological surface states during ex situ device fabrication. Here, we present a process on how to construct superconductor – topological insulator – superconductor (S-TI-S) junctions from in situ capped thin films comprised of 15 nm Sb 2 Te 3 on top of 6 nm Bi 2 Te 3 . The thicknesses of the Sb 2 Te 3 and the Bi 2 Te 3 layer allow us to precisely tune the Fermi level of the upper surface of the Sb 2 Te 3 layer. The challenge is to provide a transparent interface between Sb 2 Te 3 and the superconductive Nb, while assuring an AlO x -capped weak link in between two closely separated Nb electrodes. Low temperature experiments on our junctions provide evidence for charge transport mediated by coherent Andreev states. Magnetic field dependent measurements yielded Fraunhofer-like patterns, whose periodicities are in good agreement with the effective areas of the respective junctions. Transmission electron micrographs of the narrowest junction confirm a crystalline and capped weak link. Our results provide the first reported signatures of induced superconductivity in S-TI-S junctions, which are capped by native AlO x . The presented process allows for accessing S-TI hybrid devices via magnetic flux, while assuring in situ conserved weak links. This makes as-prepared junctions a promising platform for proposed flux-controllable Majorana devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
JournalSolid-state electronics
Volume155
Early online date4 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Superconductivity
Superconducting materials
Heterojunctions
superconductivity
signatures
SIS (superconductors)
insulators
Thin films
Surface states
Magnetic flux
Fermi level
Charge transfer
Magnetic fields
Fluxes
thin films
Crystalline materials
Fabrication
Crystals
Electrodes
magnetic flux

Keywords

  • In situ capping
  • Induced superconductivity
  • Majorana
  • Molecular beam epitaxy
  • Topological insulator

Cite this

Schüffelgen, P., Rosenbach, D., Pang, Y., Kampmeier, J., Luysberg, M., Kibkalo, L., ... Grützmacher, D. (2019). Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures. Solid-state electronics, 155, 111-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2019.03.003
Schüffelgen, Peter ; Rosenbach, Daniel ; Pang, Yuan ; Kampmeier, Jörn ; Luysberg, Martina ; Kibkalo, Lidia ; Mussler, Gregor ; Veldhuis, Dick ; Brinkman, Alexander ; Lu, Li ; Schäpers, Thomas ; Grützmacher, Detlev. / Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures. In: Solid-state electronics. 2019 ; Vol. 155. pp. 111-116.
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Schüffelgen, P, Rosenbach, D, Pang, Y, Kampmeier, J, Luysberg, M, Kibkalo, L, Mussler, G, Veldhuis, D, Brinkman, A, Lu, L, Schäpers, T & Grützmacher, D 2019, 'Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures' Solid-state electronics, vol. 155, pp. 111-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2019.03.003

Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures. / Schüffelgen, Peter; Rosenbach, Daniel; Pang, Yuan; Kampmeier, Jörn; Luysberg, Martina; Kibkalo, Lidia; Mussler, Gregor; Veldhuis, Dick; Brinkman, Alexander; Lu, Li; Schäpers, Thomas; Grützmacher, Detlev.

In: Solid-state electronics, Vol. 155, 01.05.2019, p. 111-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Schüffelgen, Peter

AU - Rosenbach, Daniel

AU - Pang, Yuan

AU - Kampmeier, Jörn

AU - Luysberg, Martina

AU - Kibkalo, Lidia

AU - Mussler, Gregor

AU - Veldhuis, Dick

AU - Brinkman, Alexander

AU - Lu, Li

AU - Schäpers, Thomas

AU - Grützmacher, Detlev

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Schüffelgen P, Rosenbach D, Pang Y, Kampmeier J, Luysberg M, Kibkalo L et al. Signatures of induced superconductivity in AlO x -capped topological heterostructures. Solid-state electronics. 2019 May 1;155:111-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2019.03.003