Standard finite elements can exhibit the numerical artifact of intra-plyshear locking during forming simulations. The displacement fields of elementsare piecewise continuous and cannot correctly capturediscontinuities in the shear field. This shear locking is illustrated insimulations of bias-extension experiments with an unaligned mesh. Two simpletests were developed as a critical indicator of intra-ply shear locking intriangular elements. A single-element-test shows the origin of the locking anda pull-out test indicates locking caused by small misalignments of theelements.
|Key engineering materials
|Published - 2013