Simulating Affective Touch: Using a Vibrotactile Array to Generate Pleasant Stroking Sensations

Gijs Huisman, Aduén Darriba Frederiks, Johannes Bernardus Fransiscus van Erp, Dirk K.J. Heylen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)
    74 Downloads (Pure)


    Gentle stroking touches are rated most pleasant when applied at a velocity of between 1–10 cm/s. Such touches are considered highly relevant in social interactions. Here, we investigate whether stroking sensations generated by a vibrotactile array can produce similar pleasantness responses, with the ultimate goal of using this type of haptic display in technology mediated social touch. A study was conducted in which participants received vibrotactile stroking stimuli of different velocities and intensities, applied to their lower arm. Results showed that the stimuli were perceived as continuous stroking sensations in a straight line. Furthermore, pleasantness ratings for low intensity vibrotactile stroking followed an inverted U-curve, similar to that found in research into actual stroking touches. The implications of these findings are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHaptics: Perception, Devices, Control, and Applications
    Subtitle of host publication10th International Conference, EuroHaptics 2016, London, UK, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part II
    Place of PublicationBerlin
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-42323-4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
    Event10th EuroHaptics Meeting 2016 - London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 4 Jul 20167 Jul 2016
    Conference number: 10

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


    Other10th EuroHaptics Meeting 2016
    Abbreviated titleEuroHaptics
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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