Simulating anisotropic droplet shapes on chemically striped patterned surfaces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The equilibrium shape of droplets on surfaces, functionalized with stripes of alternating wettability, have been investigated using simulations employing a finite element method. Experiments show that a droplet deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophobic stripes compared to the hydrophilic stripes adopts a strongly elongated shape. The aspect ratio, the length of the droplet divided by the width, decreases toward unity when a droplet is deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophilic stripes. The aspect ratio and the contact angle parallel to the stripes show unique scaling behavior as a function of the ratio between the widths of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic stripes. For a small ratio, the contact angle parallel to the stripes is low and the aspect ratio high, while for a large ratio, the contact angle parallel is high and the aspect ratio low. The simulations exhibit similar scaling behavior, both for the aspect ratio of the droplets and for the contact angles in the direction parallel to the stripes. Two liquids with different surface tensions have been investigated both experimentally and in simulations; similarities and differences between the findings are discussed. Generally, three parameters are needed to describe the droplet geometry: (i) the equilibrium contact angles on the hydrophilic and (ii) hydrophobic areas and (iii) the ratio of the widths of these chemically defined stripes. Furthermore, we derive a simple analytical expression that proves to be a good approximation in the quantitative description of the droplet aspect ratio
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-505
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Aspect ratio
aspect ratio
Contact angle
scaling
low aspect ratio
simulation
wettability
high aspect ratio
unity
finite element method
interfacial tension
Surface tension
Wetting
liquids
geometry
approximation
Finite element method
Geometry
Liquids
Experiments

Keywords

  • METIS-286051
  • IR-84667

Cite this

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title = "Simulating anisotropic droplet shapes on chemically striped patterned surfaces",
abstract = "The equilibrium shape of droplets on surfaces, functionalized with stripes of alternating wettability, have been investigated using simulations employing a finite element method. Experiments show that a droplet deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophobic stripes compared to the hydrophilic stripes adopts a strongly elongated shape. The aspect ratio, the length of the droplet divided by the width, decreases toward unity when a droplet is deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophilic stripes. The aspect ratio and the contact angle parallel to the stripes show unique scaling behavior as a function of the ratio between the widths of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic stripes. For a small ratio, the contact angle parallel to the stripes is low and the aspect ratio high, while for a large ratio, the contact angle parallel is high and the aspect ratio low. The simulations exhibit similar scaling behavior, both for the aspect ratio of the droplets and for the contact angles in the direction parallel to the stripes. Two liquids with different surface tensions have been investigated both experimentally and in simulations; similarities and differences between the findings are discussed. Generally, three parameters are needed to describe the droplet geometry: (i) the equilibrium contact angles on the hydrophilic and (ii) hydrophobic areas and (iii) the ratio of the widths of these chemically defined stripes. Furthermore, we derive a simple analytical expression that proves to be a good approximation in the quantitative description of the droplet aspect ratio",
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doi = "10.1021/la2039625",
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Simulating anisotropic droplet shapes on chemically striped patterned surfaces. / Jansen, H.P.; Bliznyuk, O.; Kooij, Ernst S.; Poelsema, Bene; Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.

In: Langmuir, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2012, p. 499-505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Simulating anisotropic droplet shapes on chemically striped patterned surfaces

AU - Jansen, H.P.

AU - Bliznyuk, O.

AU - Kooij, Ernst S.

AU - Poelsema, Bene

AU - Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The equilibrium shape of droplets on surfaces, functionalized with stripes of alternating wettability, have been investigated using simulations employing a finite element method. Experiments show that a droplet deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophobic stripes compared to the hydrophilic stripes adopts a strongly elongated shape. The aspect ratio, the length of the droplet divided by the width, decreases toward unity when a droplet is deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophilic stripes. The aspect ratio and the contact angle parallel to the stripes show unique scaling behavior as a function of the ratio between the widths of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic stripes. For a small ratio, the contact angle parallel to the stripes is low and the aspect ratio high, while for a large ratio, the contact angle parallel is high and the aspect ratio low. The simulations exhibit similar scaling behavior, both for the aspect ratio of the droplets and for the contact angles in the direction parallel to the stripes. Two liquids with different surface tensions have been investigated both experimentally and in simulations; similarities and differences between the findings are discussed. Generally, three parameters are needed to describe the droplet geometry: (i) the equilibrium contact angles on the hydrophilic and (ii) hydrophobic areas and (iii) the ratio of the widths of these chemically defined stripes. Furthermore, we derive a simple analytical expression that proves to be a good approximation in the quantitative description of the droplet aspect ratio

AB - The equilibrium shape of droplets on surfaces, functionalized with stripes of alternating wettability, have been investigated using simulations employing a finite element method. Experiments show that a droplet deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophobic stripes compared to the hydrophilic stripes adopts a strongly elongated shape. The aspect ratio, the length of the droplet divided by the width, decreases toward unity when a droplet is deposited on a surface with relatively narrow hydrophilic stripes. The aspect ratio and the contact angle parallel to the stripes show unique scaling behavior as a function of the ratio between the widths of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic stripes. For a small ratio, the contact angle parallel to the stripes is low and the aspect ratio high, while for a large ratio, the contact angle parallel is high and the aspect ratio low. The simulations exhibit similar scaling behavior, both for the aspect ratio of the droplets and for the contact angles in the direction parallel to the stripes. Two liquids with different surface tensions have been investigated both experimentally and in simulations; similarities and differences between the findings are discussed. Generally, three parameters are needed to describe the droplet geometry: (i) the equilibrium contact angles on the hydrophilic and (ii) hydrophobic areas and (iii) the ratio of the widths of these chemically defined stripes. Furthermore, we derive a simple analytical expression that proves to be a good approximation in the quantitative description of the droplet aspect ratio

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