Simulating the large-scale spatial sand-mud distribution in a schematized process-based tidal inlet system model

F. Scheel, M. van Ledden, B.C. van Prooijen, M.J.F. Stive

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Tidal basins, as found in the Dutch Wadden Sea, are characterized by strong spatial variations in bathymetry and sediment distribution. In this contribution, the aim is at simulating the spatial sand-mud distribution of a tidal basin. Predicting this spatial distribution is however complicated, due to the non-linear interactions between tides, waves, sediment transport, morphology and biology. To reduce complexity, while increasing physical understanding, an idealized schematization of the Amelander inlet system is considered. Delft3D is applied with a recently developed bed module, containing various sediment layers, combined with formulations for both cohesive and non-cohesive sediment mixtures. Starting with uniform mud content in the spatial domain, the development of the sediment distribution is simulated. Realistic sand-mud patterns are found, with accumulation of mud on the tidal flats. The schematization is further used to determine the sensitivity of the sand-mud patterns to changes in tide, while assessing the influence of tidal dominance on the large-scale sand-mud patterns. The patterns are enhanced/diminished under the influence of higher/lower tides.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJubilee Conference Proceedings NCK-days 2012
Subtitle of host publicationCrossing borders in coastal research
EditorsW.M. Kranenburg, E.M. Horstman, K.M. Wijnberg
PublisherUniversity of Twente
ISBN (Print)978-90-365-3342-3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventNCK-Days 2012: Crossing borders in coastal research - Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 13 Mar 201216 Mar 2012


ConferenceNCK-Days 2012


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