Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications

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Abstract

The active Gurney flap technology is investigated to improve the performance of rotorblades by allowing helicopter blades to further control the lift unbalance that rises at high speed and by damping vibration loads on the rotor hub. This technology needs validation by wind tunnel testing of a scaled model blade under rotational loading. An optimised geometry of a flexible actuation system has been designed to provide motion for the deployment of the Gurney flap for a Mach-scale model blade [1]. This paper presents the refinement of the flexible actuation system to allow deployment of the Gurney flap and simulation strategies to model the mechanism under loads due to the blade motion and the aerodynamic forces acting on the Gurney flap . The physics domains are addressed separately to be simulated with specific software packages. A co-simulation process permits the simulation of the Gurney flap motion under LMS Virtual.Lab Motion multi-body dynamic software [2] and the simulation of the flexible mechanism under Comsol Multiphysics Finite Element Model software [3]. This simulation scheme successfully models the mechanism under harmonic loads. For faster actuation input, the co-simulation is replaced by a oneway coupling which models the deployment mechanism under loads due to the rotation of the blade, the motion of the Gurney flap and the aerodynamics. The outcome of both simulations shows that the flexible deployment system is suitable for the actuation of the Gurney flap in the two actuation cases presented. The simulation scheme can be applied to simulate similar systems that are under constraints from a large variety of physical domains
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherERF
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 4 Sep 2012
Event38th European Rotocraft Forum, ERF 2012 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 4 Sep 20127 Sep 2012
Conference number: 38

Publication series

Name
PublisherERF

Conference

Conference38th European Rotocraft Forum, ERF 2012
Abbreviated titleERF
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period4/09/127/09/12

Fingerprint

Aerodynamics
Helicopters
Software packages
Mach number
Vibrations (mechanical)
Wind tunnels
Physics
Rotors
Damping
Geometry
Testing

Keywords

  • IR-81498
  • METIS-288151
  • Onderzoek van algemene industriele aardMechanical engineering and technology

Cite this

Paternoster, A., Loendersloot, R., de Boer, A., & Akkerman, R. (2012). Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications. In Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum (pp. 1-8). Amsterdam: ERF.
Paternoster, Alexandre ; Loendersloot, Richard ; de Boer, Andries ; Akkerman, Remko. / Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications. Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum. Amsterdam : ERF, 2012. pp. 1-8
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title = "Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications",
abstract = "The active Gurney flap technology is investigated to improve the performance of rotorblades by allowing helicopter blades to further control the lift unbalance that rises at high speed and by damping vibration loads on the rotor hub. This technology needs validation by wind tunnel testing of a scaled model blade under rotational loading. An optimised geometry of a flexible actuation system has been designed to provide motion for the deployment of the Gurney flap for a Mach-scale model blade [1]. This paper presents the refinement of the flexible actuation system to allow deployment of the Gurney flap and simulation strategies to model the mechanism under loads due to the blade motion and the aerodynamic forces acting on the Gurney flap . The physics domains are addressed separately to be simulated with specific software packages. A co-simulation process permits the simulation of the Gurney flap motion under LMS Virtual.Lab Motion multi-body dynamic software [2] and the simulation of the flexible mechanism under Comsol Multiphysics Finite Element Model software [3]. This simulation scheme successfully models the mechanism under harmonic loads. For faster actuation input, the co-simulation is replaced by a oneway coupling which models the deployment mechanism under loads due to the rotation of the blade, the motion of the Gurney flap and the aerodynamics. The outcome of both simulations shows that the flexible deployment system is suitable for the actuation of the Gurney flap in the two actuation cases presented. The simulation scheme can be applied to simulate similar systems that are under constraints from a large variety of physical domains",
keywords = "IR-81498, METIS-288151, Onderzoek van algemene industriele aardMechanical engineering and technology",
author = "Alexandre Paternoster and Richard Loendersloot and {de Boer}, Andries and Remko Akkerman",
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Paternoster, A, Loendersloot, R, de Boer, A & Akkerman, R 2012, Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications. in Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum. ERF, Amsterdam, pp. 1-8, 38th European Rotocraft Forum, ERF 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 4/09/12.

Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications. / Paternoster, Alexandre; Loendersloot, Richard; de Boer, Andries; Akkerman, Remko.

Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum. Amsterdam : ERF, 2012. p. 1-8.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

TY - GEN

T1 - Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications

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AU - de Boer, Andries

AU - Akkerman, Remko

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N2 - The active Gurney flap technology is investigated to improve the performance of rotorblades by allowing helicopter blades to further control the lift unbalance that rises at high speed and by damping vibration loads on the rotor hub. This technology needs validation by wind tunnel testing of a scaled model blade under rotational loading. An optimised geometry of a flexible actuation system has been designed to provide motion for the deployment of the Gurney flap for a Mach-scale model blade [1]. This paper presents the refinement of the flexible actuation system to allow deployment of the Gurney flap and simulation strategies to model the mechanism under loads due to the blade motion and the aerodynamic forces acting on the Gurney flap . The physics domains are addressed separately to be simulated with specific software packages. A co-simulation process permits the simulation of the Gurney flap motion under LMS Virtual.Lab Motion multi-body dynamic software [2] and the simulation of the flexible mechanism under Comsol Multiphysics Finite Element Model software [3]. This simulation scheme successfully models the mechanism under harmonic loads. For faster actuation input, the co-simulation is replaced by a oneway coupling which models the deployment mechanism under loads due to the rotation of the blade, the motion of the Gurney flap and the aerodynamics. The outcome of both simulations shows that the flexible deployment system is suitable for the actuation of the Gurney flap in the two actuation cases presented. The simulation scheme can be applied to simulate similar systems that are under constraints from a large variety of physical domains

AB - The active Gurney flap technology is investigated to improve the performance of rotorblades by allowing helicopter blades to further control the lift unbalance that rises at high speed and by damping vibration loads on the rotor hub. This technology needs validation by wind tunnel testing of a scaled model blade under rotational loading. An optimised geometry of a flexible actuation system has been designed to provide motion for the deployment of the Gurney flap for a Mach-scale model blade [1]. This paper presents the refinement of the flexible actuation system to allow deployment of the Gurney flap and simulation strategies to model the mechanism under loads due to the blade motion and the aerodynamic forces acting on the Gurney flap . The physics domains are addressed separately to be simulated with specific software packages. A co-simulation process permits the simulation of the Gurney flap motion under LMS Virtual.Lab Motion multi-body dynamic software [2] and the simulation of the flexible mechanism under Comsol Multiphysics Finite Element Model software [3]. This simulation scheme successfully models the mechanism under harmonic loads. For faster actuation input, the co-simulation is replaced by a oneway coupling which models the deployment mechanism under loads due to the rotation of the blade, the motion of the Gurney flap and the aerodynamics. The outcome of both simulations shows that the flexible deployment system is suitable for the actuation of the Gurney flap in the two actuation cases presented. The simulation scheme can be applied to simulate similar systems that are under constraints from a large variety of physical domains

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M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum

PB - ERF

CY - Amsterdam

ER -

Paternoster A, Loendersloot R, de Boer A, Akkerman R. Simulation of Flexible Mechanisms in a Rotating Blade for Smart-Blade Applications. In Proceeding of the European Rotorcraft Forum. Amsterdam: ERF. 2012. p. 1-8