Simultaneous dehydrogenation of organic compounds and hydrogen removal by hydride forming alloys

W.J.T.M. Appelman, M. Kuczynski, Geert Versteeg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    The applicability of hydrogen-absorbing metals in dehydrogenation reactions was investigated. Based on thermodynamic considerations, operating ranges were defined within which an increase of the reactant c onversion can be achieved owing to an in situ hydrogen removal by the alloy. Low plateau pressures (e.g. < 0.01 MPa) at high temperature (e.g. > 473 K) are required for economic applications. An (economic) improvement of the alkane-to-alkene conversion does not seem feasible owing to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions. In the present study as a model system, 2-propanol was dehydrogenated in a batch process at 473 K and 0.1-1.0 MPa over a Cu/CuO catalyst in the presence of an excess amount of Mg2.4Ni. The hydride forming metal alloy appears to be able to affect the hydrogen balance of the experimental system owing to absorption or desorption. However, an unexpected catalytic effect of the metal hydride was observed towards condensation reactions. Owing to the loss in selectivity, Mg2.4Ni, is not applicable for an improvement of the dehydrogenation processes for secondary alcohols.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)35-46
    Number of pages12
    JournalApplied catalysis A: general
    Volume81
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1992

    Keywords

    • METIS-106022
    • IR-11156

    Cite this

    Appelman, W.J.T.M. ; Kuczynski, M. ; Versteeg, Geert. / Simultaneous dehydrogenation of organic compounds and hydrogen removal by hydride forming alloys. In: Applied catalysis A: general. 1992 ; Vol. 81, No. 1. pp. 35-46.
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    abstract = "The applicability of hydrogen-absorbing metals in dehydrogenation reactions was investigated. Based on thermodynamic considerations, operating ranges were defined within which an increase of the reactant c onversion can be achieved owing to an in situ hydrogen removal by the alloy. Low plateau pressures (e.g. < 0.01 MPa) at high temperature (e.g. > 473 K) are required for economic applications. An (economic) improvement of the alkane-to-alkene conversion does not seem feasible owing to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions. In the present study as a model system, 2-propanol was dehydrogenated in a batch process at 473 K and 0.1-1.0 MPa over a Cu/CuO catalyst in the presence of an excess amount of Mg2.4Ni. The hydride forming metal alloy appears to be able to affect the hydrogen balance of the experimental system owing to absorption or desorption. However, an unexpected catalytic effect of the metal hydride was observed towards condensation reactions. Owing to the loss in selectivity, Mg2.4Ni, is not applicable for an improvement of the dehydrogenation processes for secondary alcohols.",
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    Simultaneous dehydrogenation of organic compounds and hydrogen removal by hydride forming alloys. / Appelman, W.J.T.M.; Kuczynski, M.; Versteeg, Geert.

    In: Applied catalysis A: general, Vol. 81, No. 1, 1992, p. 35-46.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    T1 - Simultaneous dehydrogenation of organic compounds and hydrogen removal by hydride forming alloys

    AU - Appelman, W.J.T.M.

    AU - Kuczynski, M.

    AU - Versteeg, Geert

    PY - 1992

    Y1 - 1992

    N2 - The applicability of hydrogen-absorbing metals in dehydrogenation reactions was investigated. Based on thermodynamic considerations, operating ranges were defined within which an increase of the reactant c onversion can be achieved owing to an in situ hydrogen removal by the alloy. Low plateau pressures (e.g. < 0.01 MPa) at high temperature (e.g. > 473 K) are required for economic applications. An (economic) improvement of the alkane-to-alkene conversion does not seem feasible owing to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions. In the present study as a model system, 2-propanol was dehydrogenated in a batch process at 473 K and 0.1-1.0 MPa over a Cu/CuO catalyst in the presence of an excess amount of Mg2.4Ni. The hydride forming metal alloy appears to be able to affect the hydrogen balance of the experimental system owing to absorption or desorption. However, an unexpected catalytic effect of the metal hydride was observed towards condensation reactions. Owing to the loss in selectivity, Mg2.4Ni, is not applicable for an improvement of the dehydrogenation processes for secondary alcohols.

    AB - The applicability of hydrogen-absorbing metals in dehydrogenation reactions was investigated. Based on thermodynamic considerations, operating ranges were defined within which an increase of the reactant c onversion can be achieved owing to an in situ hydrogen removal by the alloy. Low plateau pressures (e.g. < 0.01 MPa) at high temperature (e.g. > 473 K) are required for economic applications. An (economic) improvement of the alkane-to-alkene conversion does not seem feasible owing to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions. In the present study as a model system, 2-propanol was dehydrogenated in a batch process at 473 K and 0.1-1.0 MPa over a Cu/CuO catalyst in the presence of an excess amount of Mg2.4Ni. The hydride forming metal alloy appears to be able to affect the hydrogen balance of the experimental system owing to absorption or desorption. However, an unexpected catalytic effect of the metal hydride was observed towards condensation reactions. Owing to the loss in selectivity, Mg2.4Ni, is not applicable for an improvement of the dehydrogenation processes for secondary alcohols.

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    KW - IR-11156

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