Single gas adsorption isotherms of methane and carbon dioxide on micro-porous Norit RB1 activated carbon were determined in a gravimetric analyser in the temperature range of 292 to 349 K and pressures to 0.8 Mpa. Furthermore binary isotherms of carbon dioxide and methane mixtures were determined at 292 K and pressures up to 0.65 MPa. Adsorbed phase compositions were determined from the gravimetric data by the rigorous thermodynamic method of Van Ness. These experimental binary equilibrium data were compared with equilibrium data calculated by the Ideal Adsorbed Solution (IAS) model. Only moderate agreement could be obtained. Finally, activity coefficients, accounting for the non-ideality of the adsorbate mixture, were calculated from the experimental data. The Wilson equation, derived for bulk solutions, was fitted on these activity data and the Wilson interaction parameters were determined. The Wilson equation proved to correlate the experimental data reasonably. However, the Wilson interaction parameters are not only completely different from those found for bulk solutions, but also the physical interpretation of these parameter values is completely lacking. It is concluded that new solution models should be developed encompassing both non-ideal solution behaviour and surface heterogeneity.
- Gas adsorption - activated carbon - theory - experimental data - activity coefficient - spreading pressure