Single‐Source, Solvent‐Free, Room Temperature Deposition of Black γ‐CsSnI3 Films

Vivien M. Kiyek, Yorick A. Birkhölzer, Yury Smirnov, Martin Ledinský, Zdenek Remes, Jamo Momand, B.J. Kooi, Gertjan Koster, Guus Rijnders, Monica Morales Masis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
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The presence of a nonoptically active polymorph (yellow‐phase) competing with the optically active polymorph (black γ‐phase) at room temperature in cesium tin iodide (CsSnI3) and the susceptibility of Sn to oxidation represent two of the biggest obstacles for the exploitation of CsSnI3 in optoelectronic devices. Here room‐temperature single‐source in vacuum deposition of smooth black γ −CsSnI3 thin films is reported. This is done by fabricating a solid target by completely solvent‐free mixing of CsI and SnI2 powders and isostatic pressing. By controlled laser ablation of the solid target on an arbitrary substrate at room temperature, the formation of CsSnI3 thin films with optimal optical properties is demonstrated. The films present a bandgap of 1.32 eV, a sharp absorption edge, and near‐infrared photoluminescence emission. These properties and X‐ray diffraction of the thin films confirm the formation of the orthorhombic (B‐γ ) perovskite phase. The thermal stability of the phase is ensured by applying in situ an Al2O3 capping layer. This work demonstrates the potential of pulsed laser deposition as a volatility‐insensitive single‐source growth technique of halide perovskites and represents a critical step forward in the development and future scalability of inorganic lead‐free halide perovskites.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2000162
JournalAdvanced materials interfaces
Issue number11
Early online date26 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2020


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • laser ablation
  • lead-free perovskites
  • halide perovskites
  • single-source in vacuum deposition
  • solvent-free deposition


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