Sintering granular materials involves the application of pressure and temperature to make the particulate material a permanent solid. In order to better understand this complex process, the pressure-, temperature-, and time-dependent contact behaviour of micron-sized particles has been studied in close collaboration by the groups of Luding, Staedler and Kappl within the DFG SPP PiKo. This chapter summarises the modelling advances made during the project, with direct links given to the experimental results. Two aspects have been studied: (a) the dependence of the elastic as well as frictional contact forces and torques on an applied normal pressure; and (b) the formation and evolution of adhesive bonds between particles during heat-sintering. Both contact models have been experimentally calibrated and validated, using advanced techniques such as nanoindentation and AFM. As materials, borosilicate particles were used to study the pressure-dependency, while polystyrene particles were chosen due to their low glass transition temperature to study the temperature-dependency near the transition. Combining both aspects provides a multi-purpose contact model that allows the simulations of a wide range of sinter and agglomeration processes for a variety of practically relevant materials.
|Title of host publication||Particles in Contact|
|Subtitle of host publication||Micro Mechanics, Micro Process Dynamics and Particle Collective|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print/First online - 1 Aug 2019|