Size-Dependent Submerging of Nanoparticles in Polymer Melts: Effect of Line Tension

Shanqiu Liu, Anupam Pandey, Joost Duvigneau (Corresponding Author), Julius Vancso, Jacco H. Snoeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
47 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Adhesion of nanoparticles to polymer films plays a key role in various polymer technologies. Here we report experiments that reveal how silica nanoparticles adhere to a viscoelastic PMMA film above the glass transition temperature. The polymer was swollen with CO2, closely matching the conditions of nanoparticle-nucleated polymer foaming. It is found that the degree by which the particles sink into the viscoelastic substrate is strongly size dependent and can even lead to complete engulfment for particles of diameter below 12 nm. These findings are explained quantitatively by a thermodynamic analysis, combining elasticity, capillary adhesion, and line tension. We argue that line tension, here proposed for the first time in elastic media, is responsible for the nanoparticle engulfment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2411-2417
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Polymer melts
Nanoparticles
Polymers
Adhesion
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymer films
Silicon Dioxide
Elasticity
Silica
Thermodynamics
Substrates
Experiments

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

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abstract = "Adhesion of nanoparticles to polymer films plays a key role in various polymer technologies. Here we report experiments that reveal how silica nanoparticles adhere to a viscoelastic PMMA film above the glass transition temperature. The polymer was swollen with CO2, closely matching the conditions of nanoparticle-nucleated polymer foaming. It is found that the degree by which the particles sink into the viscoelastic substrate is strongly size dependent and can even lead to complete engulfment for particles of diameter below 12 nm. These findings are explained quantitatively by a thermodynamic analysis, combining elasticity, capillary adhesion, and line tension. We argue that line tension, here proposed for the first time in elastic media, is responsible for the nanoparticle engulfment.",
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Size-Dependent Submerging of Nanoparticles in Polymer Melts : Effect of Line Tension. / Liu, Shanqiu; Pandey, Anupam; Duvigneau, Joost (Corresponding Author); Vancso, Julius; Snoeijer, Jacco H.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 51, No. 7, 10.04.2018, p. 2411-2417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Size-Dependent Submerging of Nanoparticles in Polymer Melts

T2 - Effect of Line Tension

AU - Liu, Shanqiu

AU - Pandey, Anupam

AU - Duvigneau, Joost

AU - Vancso, Julius

AU - Snoeijer, Jacco H.

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