Sketching CuddleBits: Coupled Prototyping of Body and Behaviour for an Affective Robot Pet

Paul Bucci, Xi Laura Cang, Anasazi Valair, David Marino, Lucia Tseng, Merel Madeleine Jung, Jussi Rantala, Oliver S. Schneider, Karon E. MacLean

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)
    1 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Social robots that physically display emotion invite natural
    communication with their human interlocutors, enabling ap-
    plications like robot-assisted therapy where a complex robot’s
    breathing influences human emotional and physiological state.
    Using DIY fabrication and assembly, we explore how sim-
    ple 1-DOF robots can express affect with economy and user
    customizability, leveraging open-source designs.

    We developed low-cost techniques for coupled iteration of a
    simple robot’s body and behaviour, and evaluated its potential
    to display emotion. Through two user studies, we (1) vali-
    dated these CuddleBits’ ability to express emotions (N=20);
    (2) sourced a corpus of 72 robot emotion behaviours from
    participants (N=10); and (3) analyzed it to link underlying
    parameters to emotional perception (N=14).

    We found that CuddleBits can express arousal (activation),
    and to a lesser degree valence (pleasantness). We also show
    how a sketch-refine paradigm combined with DIY fabrication
    and novel input methods enable parametric design of physical
    emotion display, and discuss how mastering this parsimonious
    case can give insight into layering simple behaviours in more
    complex robots.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCHI 2017 online proceedings
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Pages3681-3692
    Number of pages12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2017
    Event2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2017: Explore, Innovate, Inspire - Colorado Convention Center, Denver, United States
    Duration: 6 May 201711 May 2017
    https://chi2017.acm.org/

    Conference

    Conference2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2017
    Abbreviated titleCHI 2017
    CountryUnited States
    CityDenver
    Period6/05/1711/05/17
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Affective computing
    • human-robot interaction (HRI)
    • Do-It-Yourself (DIY);
    • haptics
    • physical prototyping

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  • Cite this

    Bucci, P., Cang, X. L., Valair, A., Marino, D., Tseng, L., Jung, M. M., ... MacLean, K. E. (2017). Sketching CuddleBits: Coupled Prototyping of Body and Behaviour for an Affective Robot Pet. In CHI 2017 online proceedings (pp. 3681-3692). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/3025453.3025774