SketchMapia: Qualitative Representations for the Alignment of Sketch and Metric Maps

Angela Schwering*, Jia Wang, Malumbo Chipofya, Sahib Jan, Rui Li, Klaus Broelemann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


More and more private citizens collect and publish environmental data via web-based geographic information systems. These systems face two challenges: The user interface must be intuitive and the processing of geographic information must account for cognitive impact. We propose to use sketch maps as the medium for interaction, because they reflect a person's spatial knowledge. Information from sketch maps is distorted, schematized, incomplete, and generalized and metric maps are not. This article employs qualitative representations for the alignment of sketch and metric maps. We suggest a set of cognitively oriented aspects in sketch maps stably computed by people and evaluate qualitative representations to formalize these aspects. This allows us to align and integrate geographic information from sketch maps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-254
Number of pages35
JournalSpatial Cognition and Computation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • cognitive map
  • qualitative alignment
  • qualitative representation
  • sketch map

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