Sleep-wake patterns in adults with autism spectrum disorders in a clinical setting: a pilot study

G.J. Rosbergen, Michel-Pierre Jansen, A.R. Rosbergen-de Vries, Y. Roke, R. Otten

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

Abstract

BACKGROUND The negative consequences of sleep-wake disorders in the general population and in children with an
autism spectrum disorder (asd) are well-established. However, little is known about sleep-wake
disorders in adults with asd.
AIM To study and measure sleep-wake disorders and sleep-wake patterns in adults in a clinical facility who
have been diagnosed primarily as having asd without any comorbid intellectual disability.
METHOD We assessed the sleep patterns of 19 patients in a residential facility. We asked patients to provide their
sleep history, answer questionnaires and keep a sleep diary (subjective measurement). We also
asked patients to collect actigraphy data (objective measurement) for seven days and to provide
information about comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression and use of medication.
RESULTS Nine patients (47%) had undiagnosed comorbid sleep-wake disorders. Patients in our study overrated
their sleep efficiency (diary) compared to objective data (actigraphy). However, patients’ subjective
sleep quality did match patients’ sleep efficiency. Only two out of 14 patients with symptoms of
anxiety and/or depression were diagnosed with a comorbid depressive disorder, 15 patients were
treated with medication.
CONCLUSION Sleep-wake disorders and comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression might be more prevalent in
adults with asd in a residential facility than reported so far. This possibility needs to be considered
more carefully during the diagnostic process and during treatment.
Translated title of the contributionSleep-wake patterns in adults with autism spectrum disorders in a clinical setting: a pilot study
Original languageDutch
Publication statusUnpublished - 1 May 2017
EventNederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017 - MECC, Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Apr 20177 Apr 2017

Conference

ConferenceNederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017
CountryNetherlands
CityMaastricht
Period5/04/177/04/17

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Sleep
Residential Facilities
Actigraphy
Depression
Anxiety
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Depressive Disorder
Intellectual Disability
History
Sleep Wake Disorders
Population

Cite this

Rosbergen, G. J., Jansen, M-P., Rosbergen-de Vries, A. R., Roke, Y., & Otten, R. (2017). Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie. Poster session presented at Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands.
Rosbergen, G.J. ; Jansen, Michel-Pierre ; Rosbergen-de Vries, A.R. ; Roke, Y. ; Otten, R. / Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie. Poster session presented at Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands.
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title = "Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie",
abstract = "BACKGROUND The negative consequences of sleep-wake disorders in the general population and in children with anautism spectrum disorder (asd) are well-established. However, little is known about sleep-wakedisorders in adults with asd.AIM To study and measure sleep-wake disorders and sleep-wake patterns in adults in a clinical facility whohave been diagnosed primarily as having asd without any comorbid intellectual disability.METHOD We assessed the sleep patterns of 19 patients in a residential facility. We asked patients to provide theirsleep history, answer questionnaires and keep a sleep diary (subjective measurement). We alsoasked patients to collect actigraphy data (objective measurement) for seven days and to provideinformation about comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression and use of medication.RESULTS Nine patients (47{\%}) had undiagnosed comorbid sleep-wake disorders. Patients in our study overratedtheir sleep efficiency (diary) compared to objective data (actigraphy). However, patients’ subjectivesleep quality did match patients’ sleep efficiency. Only two out of 14 patients with symptoms ofanxiety and/or depression were diagnosed with a comorbid depressive disorder, 15 patients weretreated with medication.CONCLUSION Sleep-wake disorders and comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression might be more prevalent inadults with asd in a residential facility than reported so far. This possibility needs to be consideredmore carefully during the diagnostic process and during treatment.",
author = "G.J. Rosbergen and Michel-Pierre Jansen and {Rosbergen-de Vries}, A.R. and Y. Roke and R. Otten",
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Rosbergen, GJ, Jansen, M-P, Rosbergen-de Vries, AR, Roke, Y & Otten, R 2017, 'Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie' Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands, 5/04/17 - 7/04/17, .

Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie. / Rosbergen, G.J.; Jansen, Michel-Pierre ; Rosbergen-de Vries, A.R.; Roke, Y.; Otten, R.

2017. Poster session presented at Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie

AU - Rosbergen, G.J.

AU - Jansen, Michel-Pierre

AU - Rosbergen-de Vries, A.R.

AU - Roke, Y.

AU - Otten, R.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - BACKGROUND The negative consequences of sleep-wake disorders in the general population and in children with anautism spectrum disorder (asd) are well-established. However, little is known about sleep-wakedisorders in adults with asd.AIM To study and measure sleep-wake disorders and sleep-wake patterns in adults in a clinical facility whohave been diagnosed primarily as having asd without any comorbid intellectual disability.METHOD We assessed the sleep patterns of 19 patients in a residential facility. We asked patients to provide theirsleep history, answer questionnaires and keep a sleep diary (subjective measurement). We alsoasked patients to collect actigraphy data (objective measurement) for seven days and to provideinformation about comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression and use of medication.RESULTS Nine patients (47%) had undiagnosed comorbid sleep-wake disorders. Patients in our study overratedtheir sleep efficiency (diary) compared to objective data (actigraphy). However, patients’ subjectivesleep quality did match patients’ sleep efficiency. Only two out of 14 patients with symptoms ofanxiety and/or depression were diagnosed with a comorbid depressive disorder, 15 patients weretreated with medication.CONCLUSION Sleep-wake disorders and comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression might be more prevalent inadults with asd in a residential facility than reported so far. This possibility needs to be consideredmore carefully during the diagnostic process and during treatment.

AB - BACKGROUND The negative consequences of sleep-wake disorders in the general population and in children with anautism spectrum disorder (asd) are well-established. However, little is known about sleep-wakedisorders in adults with asd.AIM To study and measure sleep-wake disorders and sleep-wake patterns in adults in a clinical facility whohave been diagnosed primarily as having asd without any comorbid intellectual disability.METHOD We assessed the sleep patterns of 19 patients in a residential facility. We asked patients to provide theirsleep history, answer questionnaires and keep a sleep diary (subjective measurement). We alsoasked patients to collect actigraphy data (objective measurement) for seven days and to provideinformation about comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression and use of medication.RESULTS Nine patients (47%) had undiagnosed comorbid sleep-wake disorders. Patients in our study overratedtheir sleep efficiency (diary) compared to objective data (actigraphy). However, patients’ subjectivesleep quality did match patients’ sleep efficiency. Only two out of 14 patients with symptoms ofanxiety and/or depression were diagnosed with a comorbid depressive disorder, 15 patients weretreated with medication.CONCLUSION Sleep-wake disorders and comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression might be more prevalent inadults with asd in a residential facility than reported so far. This possibility needs to be consideredmore carefully during the diagnostic process and during treatment.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Rosbergen GJ, Jansen M-P, Rosbergen-de Vries AR, Roke Y, Otten R. Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie. 2017. Poster session presented at Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands.