Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie

Translated title of the contribution: Sleep-wake patterns in adults with autism spectrum disorders in a clinical setting: a pilot study

G.J. Rosbergen, Michel-Pierre Jansen, A.R. Rosbergen-de Vries, Y. Roke, R. Otten

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND The negative consequences of sleep-wake disorders in the general population and in children with an
    autism spectrum disorder (asd) are well-established. However, little is known about sleep-wake
    disorders in adults with asd.
    AIM To study and measure sleep-wake disorders and sleep-wake patterns in adults in a clinical facility who
    have been diagnosed primarily as having asd without any comorbid intellectual disability.
    METHOD We assessed the sleep patterns of 19 patients in a residential facility. We asked patients to provide their
    sleep history, answer questionnaires and keep a sleep diary (subjective measurement). We also
    asked patients to collect actigraphy data (objective measurement) for seven days and to provide
    information about comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression and use of medication.
    RESULTS Nine patients (47%) had undiagnosed comorbid sleep-wake disorders. Patients in our study overrated
    their sleep efficiency (diary) compared to objective data (actigraphy). However, patients’ subjective
    sleep quality did match patients’ sleep efficiency. Only two out of 14 patients with symptoms of
    anxiety and/or depression were diagnosed with a comorbid depressive disorder, 15 patients were
    treated with medication.
    CONCLUSION Sleep-wake disorders and comorbid symptoms of anxiety and depression might be more prevalent in
    adults with asd in a residential facility than reported so far. This possibility needs to be considered
    more carefully during the diagnostic process and during treatment.
    Original languageDutch
    Publication statusUnpublished - 1 May 2017
    EventNederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017 - MECC, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Duration: 5 Apr 20177 Apr 2017

    Conference

    ConferenceNederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017
    CountryNetherlands
    CityMaastricht
    Period5/04/177/04/17

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  • Cite this

    Rosbergen, G. J., Jansen, M-P., Rosbergen-de Vries, A. R., Roke, Y., & Otten, R. (2017). Het slaappatroon van volwassenen met autisme in een klinische setting: een pilotstudie. Poster session presented at Nederlands voorjaarscongres voor Psychiatrie 2017, Maastricht, Netherlands.