Small amplitude atomic force spectroscopy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)


Over the years atomic force microscopy has developed from a pure imaging technique to a tool that can be employed for measuring quantitative tip–sample interaction forces. In this chapter we provide an overview of various techniques to extract quantitative tip–sample forces focusing on both amplitude modulation and frequency modulation atomic force spectroscopy (AM-AFS and FM-AFS) in the small amplitude regime. We discuss different actuation methods, such as sample modulation, magnetic actuation, and by far the most widely used acoustic driving. Also the corresponding force-inversion methodology is discussed for – in particular – ambient liquid.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2
EditorsBharat Bhushan
Place of PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-10496-1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameNanoScience and Technology
ISSN (Print)1434-4904


  • IR-98051
  • METIS-273212


Dive into the research topics of 'Small amplitude atomic force spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this