Smart industry or smart bubbles? A critical analysis of its perceived value

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Despite the fact that labels such as “smart industry” and “industry 4.0” (terms used to denote the fourth industrial revolution) have become popular topics within academia and in practice, their meaning remains an issue of concern. It’s a concern that has drawn the attention of various authors. It is a struggle we engaged in as well – specifically regarding the Dutch “smart industry” label – to aid our aim of assessing whether our call to combine forces can be extended beyond industry 4.0 and industrie 4.0. We provide here initial indications of whether there is more unity in meaning and, thus, reasons to take steps toward combining labels. By means of 20 interviews with Dutch smart industry experts, a representation of smart industry was obtained as understood in the Netherlands. Based on this representation, we examined the extent of overlap between the Dutch “smart industry” label and the general term “fourth industrial revolution” as well as the “industry 4.0” label as defined by various scholars. Our findings showed that smart industry in the Netherlands does not match the denotation of an industrial revolution. Several signals were, however, detected indicating that the content observed under the Dutch smart industry label overlaps with what is being presented under the label industry 4.0. These results reveal that there is indeed more unity in meaning between the various labels that exist and, as such, strengthens our call to combine forces.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHRM 4.0 for human-centred organizations
    EditorsBarbara Imperatori, Rita Bissola, Federico Butera, Domenico Bodega
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-78973-535-2
    ISBN (Print)978-1-78973-536-9
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2019

    Publication series

    NameAdvanced Series in Management
    PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
    ISSN (Print)1877-6361


    • Fourth industrial revolution
    • Smart industry
    • Industry 4.0
    • Meaning
    • Value
    • Combining forces


    Dive into the research topics of 'Smart industry or smart bubbles? A critical analysis of its perceived value'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this