Smart logistics nodes: concept and classification

Matteo Brunetti*, Martijn Mes, Eduardo Lalla-Ruiz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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This paper presents the Smart Logistics Node concept, which combines the physical infrastructure of logistics nodes with digital systems to enhance collaboration. The Smart Logistics Node benefits from data sharing, supporting infrastructure, and Connected and Automated Transport (CAT) technologies. Based on a literature review on logistics nodes and CAT, we propose a general classification of Smart Logistics Nodes distinguishing upon the node function, degree of organisational (de-)centralisation, digital integration, and infrastructure support for automated driving. Then, we classify sixteen logistics nodes and find that high digital integration is common while automation is lacking. Further automation entails mixed traffic on public roads and requires organisational changes that do not always align with current business models. Our work supports the adoption of emerging technology at logistics nodes and the comparability of business cases. Ultimately, node authorities can use our concept and classification to draw a roadmap to develop CAT capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Logistics Research and Applications
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 2024


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • digital ecosystems
  • Internet of Things
  • Logistics nodes
  • Physical Internet
  • ports
  • connected automated transport


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