Social Agents: the first generations

Dirk K.J. Heylen, Mariet Theune, Hendrikus J.A. op den Akker, Antinus Nijholt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)
    148 Downloads (Pure)


    Embodied Conversational Agents can be viewed as spoken dialogue systems with a graphical representation of a human body. But the embodiment is not the only difference. Whereas Spoken Dialogue Systems are mostly focused on computing the linguistic dimensions of communication, conversational agents are conceived as intelligent agents that have an identity, a persona. Thus, cognitive modeling is often more involved in ECAs including the modeling of emotion. Whereas spoken dialogue systems are focused on the task, virtual humans are also equipped with social skills involved in interaction. This can take various forms. In this paper we review some of the approaches that have been taken in the first decade of ECA research, by presenting the social signaling skills of three agents we have developed in our group.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings 2009 International Workshop on Social Signals Processing
    EditorsMaja Pantic, A. Vinciarello
    Place of PublicationLos Alamitos
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-4799-2
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2009
    EventInternational Workshop on Social Signals Processing - Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Duration: 13 Sep 200913 Sep 2009

    Publication series

    NameACII 2009 Proceedings
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society


    WorkshopInternational Workshop on Social Signals Processing
    Other13 September 2009


    • METIS-264004
    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • Embodied Agents
    • Dialogue Systems
    • Social Signals
    • gaze behaviour
    • politeness generation
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/231287
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/231868
    • virtual guide
    • virtual receptionist
    • virtual tutor
    • EWI-16013
    • IR-68952

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