Social Media Participation and Local Politics: A Case Study of the Enschede Council in the Netherlands

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Abstract

Social media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are often seen as political game changers. Yet little is known of the effects of social media on local politics. In this paper the Social Media Participation Model (SMPM) is introduced for studying the effects of social media on local political communities. The SMPM aims to explore the relationship between Social Media Participation and Community Participation. The model comprises four constructs: Social Media Choice, Social Media Use, Sense of Community and Community Engagement. The design of the case study was based on the SMPM and took place among the members and parties of the Enschede council, from a large municipality in the Netherlands. Social media participation levels were measured and compared with the Social Media Indicator (SMI). A negative correlation between Social Media Use and Sense of Community has been discovered. However, we could not find a causal effect that explains this correlation. To analyze the effects in more detail, we show directions for further improvement of the model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectronic participation
Subtitle of host publication5th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2013, Koblenz, Germany, September 17-19, 2013. Proceedings
EditorsMaria A. Wimmer, Efthimios Tambouris, Ann Macintosh
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherSpringer
Pages57-68
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-40345-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Event5th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2013 - Koblenz, Germany
Duration: 17 Sep 201319 Sep 2013
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Volume8075
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

Conference

Conference5th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2013
Abbreviated titleePart
CountryGermany
CityKoblenz
Period17/09/1319/09/13

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Keywords

  • EWI-26400
  • council
  • HMI-IE: Information Engineering
  • Participation
  • Social Media
  • Web 2.0
  • Politics

Cite this

Effing, R., van Hillegersberg, J., & Huibers, T. W. C. (2013). Social Media Participation and Local Politics: A Case Study of the Enschede Council in the Netherlands. In M. A. Wimmer, E. Tambouris, & A. Macintosh (Eds.), Electronic participation: 5th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2013, Koblenz, Germany, September 17-19, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 57-68). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8075). London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40346-0_6