Soil Physical Characteristics and Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in the Landform of Barito Delta, Kalimantan, Indonesia

Deasy Arisanty*, Novi Rahmawati, Dedi Rosadi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We explore the soil physical characteristics in wetland of Barito Delta from primary data of soil sample and electrical resistivity measurement with the support from some secondary data. We also estimate saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) in Barito Delta from soil physical characteristics applying Saxton and Rawls (1986) and Weynants et al. (2009). Soil texture profile is determined from interpolation of soil fraction in each layer applying Bayesian statistics to analyze soil physical characteristics in the landforms of Delta. Clay is the dominant soil fraction in the soil of Barito Delta. Clay fraction percentage decrease along the depth of soil profile as it reaches fine sand particles deriving from ancient sedimentation from the past. It is an opposite with soil organic matter content that has contrast value from 1st to 2nd soil depth, but a few discrepancy from 3rd depth to downward direction. The content of clay in the soil depends on the sedimentation activity in the landform. Clay is dominant soil particle in the Delta; in case, it is in flat area and there is no intensive of sea water sedimentation such as in Basin of Peat Anticline and Natural Levee. In more than 2 m depth of soil, loamy sand and silty clay textures are mostly in the landform that is influenced by sea water activity, while by river water is clay loam. Ks values from Saxton and Rawls (1986) are close to Ks values from the measurement of previous studies. Ks values are generally small in Barito Delta that is mostly ranging from 1.10-7 to 2 m s-1. Ks values are larger following the depth of soil profile. The values of Ks are smaller in Basin of Peat Anticline and Natural Levee than in Tidal Flat and Beach Ridge. It is because both landforms have clay as dominant soil particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9118461
JournalApplied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • ITC-GOLD

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