Sol-gel Technology for Chemical Modification of Textiles

Barbara Simončič, Brigita Tomšič, Boris Orel, Ivan Jerman

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In contemporary life, hi-tech textiles include innovative polymers, whose use is not limited solely to the textile and clothing industry, but has also spread quickly in recent years to other sectors such as pharmacy, medicine, construction, agriculture, transport, tourism and the food industry. Their production is directly related to the introduction of nanotechnology in the textile industry. Nanotechnological processes have been established in the production of fibrogenic polymers and in the chemical finishing of planar textiles, which leads to the creation of products with new or improved properties with high added value.
A special place among nanotechnological processes of fibre functionalization is held by sol-gel technology [1-3], which represents a new approach to the preparation of the composite materials. It enables a creation of nanocomposite polymer films on the surface of the fibres giving the textiles new mechanical, optical, electrical and biological properties that cannot be achieved using conventional finishing agents. It is of great commercial importance in the production of woven fabric, knitwear and unwoven textiles for protective work clothing, textiles for sport and recreation, textiles for the home and the public sector, medical textiles, sanitary materials and technical textiles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurface modification systems for creating stimuli responsiveness of textiles
Subtitle of host publicationworkshop proceedings
EditorsDragan Jocić
Place of PublicationEnschede
PublisherUniversity of Twente
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9789036531221
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventAdvanbiotex Workshop 2010 - University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 25 Nov 201025 Nov 2010


ConferenceAdvanbiotex Workshop 2010


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