Some comments on the applicability of gas permeation methods to characterize porous membranes based on improved experimental accuracy and data handling

F.W. Altena, H.A.M. Knoef, H. Heskamp, D. Bargeman, C.A. Smolders

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Abstract

The measurement of the gas permeability coefficient as a function of the mean pressure across a membrane can be used to determine a mean pore radius of the membrane. This method has been applied by several authors to characterize microporous and asymmetric ultrafiltration or hyperfiltration membranes. This paper shows how the data acquisition and handling are improved. Experiments are performed on microporous Millipore membranes with a nominal pore radius of 50 nm and on ultrafiltration merebranes of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenyleneoxide) with an expectedly sharp pore-size distribution around 2 nm. For the Millipore membrane an unexpected dependence of the calculated pore radius on the type of gas used in the experiment has been found. Measurements on the ultrafiltration membranes indicate that the viscous flow contribution to the permeability coefficient cannot be determined with sufficient accuracy. It is concluded that application of the gas permeation method has some limitations which were not previously recognized
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)313-322
JournalJournal of membrane science
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

Keywords

  • IR-67223

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