Some physical concepts of laser‐tissue interactions that occur in 308‐nm excimer laser angioplasty are addressed. Monte Carlo numerical computations were used to analyze the light fluence rate distributions resulting from finite diameter laser beams incident on tissue, as applied by fiber‐optic light delivery catheters. The fluence rate at the inside part of the tissue surface from a 0.2‐mm diameter fiber emitting 308‐nm light, is increased more than twice relative to the incident power density. The light fluence rate distribution inside the tissue spreads very little outside the incident beam diameter. Therefore, the distributions from different fibers in multifiber catheters will not overlap unless the fibers are very close together. The maximum fluence rate decreases with decreasing beam diameters. Ablation of tissue by a 308‐nm excimer laser delivery system in contact with the tissue resulted in a damage zone adjacent to the crater wall, due to expansion of the gaseous debris trapped under the tip of delivery system. In case of contact irradiation, the ablation was more efficient than in case of noncontact irradiation. Direct temperature measurements during excimer laser ablation by an infared (IR) camera showed that temperature accumulation will occur when a sequence of pulses is applied at frequencies of at least 5 Hz. The temperature rise above ambient under circumstances simulating clinical conditions is measured to be 66°± 7°C.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1990|