Sonoluminescence light emission

Sascha Hilgenfeldt, Siegfried Grossmann, Detlef Lohse

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Single bubble sonoluminescence is not an exotic phenomenon but can quantitatively be accounted for by applying a few well-known, simple concepts: the Rayleigh¿Plesset dynamics of the bubble's radius, polytropic uniform heating of the gas inside the bubble during collapse, the dissociation of molecular gases, and thermal radiation of the remaining hot noble gas, where its finite opacity (transparency for its own radiation) is essential. A system of equations based on these ingredients correctly describes the widths, shapes, intensities, and spectra of the emitted light pulses, all as a function of the experimentally adjustable parameters, namely, driving pressure, driving frequency, water temperature, and the concentration and type of the dissolved gas. The theory predicts that the pulse width of strongly forced xenon bubbles should show a wavelength dependence, in contrast to argon bubbles
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1318-1330
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics of fluids
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • IR-24742
  • METIS-129543

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