A novel numerical method for two-fluid flow computations is presented, which combines the space–time discontinuous Galerkin finite element discretization with the level set method and cut-cell based interface tracking. The space–time discontinuous Galerkin (STDG) finite element method offers high accuracy, an inherent ability to handle disconti- nuities and a very local stencil, making it relatively easy to combine with local hp-refine- ment. The front tracking is incorporated via cut-cell mesh refinement to ensure a sharp interface between the fluids. To compute the interface dynamics the level set method (LSM) is used because of its ability to deal with merging and breakup. Also, the LSM is easy to extend to higher dimensions. Small cells arising from the cut-cell refinement are merged to improve the stability and performance. The interface conditions are incorporated in the numerical flux at the interface and the STDG discretization ensures that the scheme is con- servative as long as the numerical fluxes are conservative. The numerical method is applied to one and two dimensional two-fluid test problems using the Euler equations.
- Space–time discontinuous Galerkin
- Level set
- Front tracking
- Two fluid flow
Sollie, W. E. H., Bokhove, O., & van der Vegt, J. J. W. (2011). Space-time discontinuous Galerkin finite element method for two-fluid flows. Journal of computational physics, 230(3), 789-817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2010.10.019