Spatial multi-criteria analysis for discovering nature-based solutions location for urban flood mitigation in Accra

Prince Asare, F. Atun*, K. Pfeffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


In recent years, Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have become instrumental in restoring ecosystems and reducing the negative effects of hard surface developments. Existing studies have shown the potential of NBS in mitigating urban floods and reducing overall hydrogeological risks, especially in high-income areas. However, there is limited knowledge on area-specific NBS implementation and the locational suitability of areas to support different NBS for urban flood mitigation in medium to low-income regions. A methodology based on Spatial Multi-Criteria Analysis (SMCA) has the potential to spatially combine and synthesize information to elicit spatially-specific opportunities for NBS implementation. However, an SMCA tool to determine suitable locations for different NBS measures for urban flood mitigation does not yet exist. In order to address this research gap, this study developed an SMCA methodology to identify different target areas where specific urban flood-related NBS measures can be implemented to minimize urban flood occurrence in Accra, Ghana. The study revealed different locations where urban flood-related NBS measures could be applied. It also demonstrated how specific NBS measures could be tailored to the characteristics of different areas in Accra to ensure effective urban flood mitigation. The suggested methodological approach provides a spatial knowledge base for flood management institutions to integrate NBS into flood management schemes. The approach has application potential for other geographic contexts facing urban flood risks. Future research could focus on possible ways of integrating NBS into the spatial development of cities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied spatial analysis and policy
Early online date16 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 16 Sept 2023


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