Spatially shaping waves to penetrate deep inside a forbidden gap

Research output: Working paper

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Abstract

It is well known that waves incident upon a crystal are transported only over a limited distance - the Bragg length - before being reflected by Bragg interference. Here, we demonstrate how to send waves much deeper into crystals, by studying light in exemplary two-dimensional silicon photonic crystals. By spatially shaping the optical wavefronts, we observe that the intensity of laterally scattered light, that probes the internal energy density, is enhanced at a tunable distance away from the front surface. The intensity is up to $100 \times$ enhanced compared to random wavefronts and extends as far as $8 \times$ the Bragg length. Our novel steering of waves inside a forbidden gap exploits the transport channels induced by unavoidable deviations from perfect periodicity, here unavoidable fabrication deviations.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherarXiv.org
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2020

Publication series

NamearXiv.org
PublisherCornell University

Keywords

  • physics.optics
  • cond-mat.mes-hall

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