Spectral conditions implied by observability

Fatima-Zahrae El Alaoui, Heiko J. Zwart, Ali Boutoulout

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    4 Citations (Scopus)
    131 Downloads (Pure)


    It is well known that a finite-dimensional output space implies limitations on the systems properties, like observability and detectability. In this paper we extend this result for infinite-dimensional output spaces, under the condition that the output operator is relatively compact. We show that if this holds, and the system is exactly observable in finite-time, then the inverse of the infinitesimal generator must be compact. By means of an example we show that this result does not hold for exact observability in infinite-time. Using the Hautus test, we obtain spectral properties of the generator for this case. A consequence of this result is that if the system is exponentially detectable, then the unstable part of the spectrum consists of only point spectrum with finite multiplicity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)672-685
    Number of pages14
    JournalSIAM journal on control and optimization
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - May 2011


    • Observability
    • Stabilizability
    • Relative compact output operator
    • Hautus test


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