Spectral estimation model for linear displacement and vibration monitoring with GBSAR system

Benyamin Hosseiny, Jalal Amini*, Hossein Aghababaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the development of ground-based Synthetic Aperture Radars (GBSAR) for the purpose of monitoring structural displacements. GBSAR offers high-resolution monitoring over a wide area and can capture data every few minutes. However, compact high-frequency multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radars have emerged as an alternative for monitoring sub-second displacements, such as structural vibrations. MIMO radar has sub-second acquisition interval. However, it has limited cross-range resolution compared to GBSAR, and interference between antennas and presence of multiple scatterers in the scene can cause strong sidelobes in the processed data. On the other hand, GBSAR utilizes a long synthetic aperture to achieve high cross-range resolution. However, due to its longer data acquisition time compared to MIMO radar, conventional methods are insufficient for detecting scatterers’ sub-second displacements that occur during the data acquisition process. This study proposes a method to effectively monitor sub-second or sub-minute displacements using GBSAR signals. The proposed method enhances the conventional radar interferometric processes by employing spectral estimation, allowing for multi-dimensional detection of targets’ azimuth angle, linear displacement, and vibrational characteristics. Consequently, this method improves both the processing of MIMO radar data and enables high-resolution fast displacement monitoring from GBSAR signals. The paper presents the theoretical details and mathematical formulations of the proposed method for both MIMO radar and GBSAR imaging modes. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method, numerical simulations and real experiments are conducted. The experimental results validate the capability of the proposed method in both GBSAR and MIMO configuration modes for high-resolution monitoring of fast linear displacements and vibrations. The results exhibit promising signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and peak-to-sidelobe ratio (PSLR) values.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110916
JournalMechanical systems and signal processing
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2024


  • Beamforming
  • Deformation monitoring
  • SAR interferometry
  • Capon
  • Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radar


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