Grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GID) is a well known technique for the characterization of crystal surfaces. A theoretical study has been performed of the sensitivity of GID to the structure of a crystal surface and distorted nanometre-thin surface layers. To simulate GID from crystals that have a complex subsurface structure, a matrix formalism of the dynamical diffraction theory has been applied. It has been found that the azimuthal rocking curves of a crystal that has a distorted subsurface, measured over a wide angular range, show asymmetric thickness oscillations with two distinguishable sets of frequencies: one corresponding to the diffraction in the single-crystal subsurface layer and the second corresponding to the diffraction in the single-crystal substrate. Therefore, azimuthal rocking curves allow characterization of the subsurface structure of a single crystal. Furthermore, thickness oscillations induced by evanescent diffraction modulate the specular reflection intensity, showing high-intensity modulations. This will potentially allow implementation of subsurface crystal characterization using, for instance, a laboratory-scale X-ray diffractometer.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2018|
- Crystal surface
- Grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction
- Specular reflection
- Azimuthal rocking curves