Topographical measurements of surfaces yield a lot of data which are usually presented by tables of height coordinates or by contour maps. Here a method is described to characterize the surface geometry by just a few parameters which quantify the functional properties: sphericity, twist, and waviness. Examples of applications are given from the field of surface plate measurement. Some measurement techniques based on electronic levels, autocollimators and laserinterferometers are briefly discussed. A resulting accuracy of 0.1 micrometers on a one square meter surface is claimed. With the characteristic parameters, even small geometrical changes due to the environmental conditions temperature and moisture could be recorded and explained.
|Title of host publication||Specification and Measurement of Optical Systems|
|Editors||Lionel R. Baker|
|Place of Publication||Bellingham, WA, USA|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Sep 1993|
|Name||Proceedings of SPIE|
Meijer, J. (1993). Sphericity and twist as functional parameters to represent surface geometries. In L. R. Baker (Ed.), Specification and Measurement of Optical Systems (pp. 131-138). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 1781). Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.141000