This article describes the gelation by PVC of supported liquid membranes (SLMs) for nitrate removal using a quaternary ammonium salt as carrier. Untreated SLMs with this carrier are very unstable. To improve their stability, the LM-phase was gelled with polyvinyl chloride as gel-forming polymer. Both homogeneous gelations of the LM-phase as well as the application of an interfacial gel layer are described. In all cases, no improvement of the stability could be observed. For both types of gelation, the initial nitrate flux decreased while the flux after 1 day of degradation was almost zero. The flux decrease is the result of a decrease of the diffusion rate of carrier complex as a result of the presence of the gel network and the thickness of the applied gel layer. The absence of any stability improvement might indicate that the loss of LM-phase from these membranes is due to dissolution of carrier or membrane solvent and not a result of emulsion formation only.
|Journal||Journal of applied polymer science|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Facilitated transport
- Liquid membrane stability
- Nitrate removal
- Poly(vinyl chloride)