Standards of instrumentation of EMG

Hatice Tankisi*, David Burke, Liying Cui, Mamede de Carvalho, Satoshi Kuwabara, Sanjeev D. Nandedkar, Seward Rutkove, Erik Stålberg, Michel J.A.M. van Putten, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)
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Standardization of Electromyography (EMG) instrumentation is of particular importance to ensure high quality recordings. This consensus report on “Standards of Instrumentation of EMG” is an update and extension of the earlier IFCN Guidelines published in 1999. First, a panel of experts in different fields from different geographical distributions was invited to submit a section on their particular interest and expertise. Then, the merged document was circulated for comments and edits until a consensus emerged. The first sections in this document cover technical aspects such as instrumentation, EMG hardware and software including amplifiers and filters, digital signal analysis and instrumentation settings. Other sections cover the topics such as temporary storage, trigger and delay line, averaging, electrode types, stimulation techniques for optimal and standardised EMG examinations, and the artefacts electromyographers may face and safety rules they should follow. Finally, storage of data and databases, report generators and external communication are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-258
Number of pages16
JournalClinical neurophysiology
Issue number1
Early online date5 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Amplifiers
  • Databases
  • Electrical safety
  • EMG
  • EMG artefacts
  • EMG averaging
  • EMG electrodes
  • Filters
  • Instrumentation
  • Trigger and delay line


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