Given a plane graph, a $k$-star at $u$ is a set of $k$ vertices with a common neighbour $u$; and a bunch is a maximal collection of paths of length at most two in the graph, such that all paths have the same end vertices and the edges of the paths form consecutive edges (\,in the natural order in the plane graph\,) around the two end vertices. We first prove a theorem on the structure of plane graphs in terms of stars and bunches. The result states that a plane graph contains a $(d-1)$-star centred at a vertex of degree $d\leq5$ and the sum of the degrees of the vertices in the star is bounded, or there exists a large bunch.
|Name||Memorandum Faculteit TW|
|Publisher||Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Twente|