State of the art of electric Mobility as a Service (eMaaS): an overview of ecosystems and system architectures

José Roberto Reyes Garcia*, Gadi Lenz, Steven Pieter Haveman, Gerrit Maarten Bonnema

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    Mobility as a Service (MaaS) is a concept that aligns with both current and future mobility demands of users, namely intermodal, personalized, on-demand and seamless. Although the number of shared mobility, electric mobility and multimodal passenger transport users is rapidly growing, until now, the list of MaaS and electric Mobility as Service (eMaaS) providers is quite short. This could partly be explained by the lack of a common architecture that facilitates the complex integration of all actors involved in the (e)MaaS ecosystem. In this paper we first review the state of the art of (e)MaaS ecosystems and architectures. Secondly, we propose an eMaaS ecosystem and an innovative eMaaS architecture that focuses on the integration of MaaS and electric mobility systems. With this work, we aim to support the further development of eMaaS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication32nd International Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS32)
    Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2019
    Event32nd International Electric Vehicle Symposium 2019: A world of E-motion - Eurexpo Lyon, Lyon, France
    Duration: 19 May 201922 May 2019
    Conference number: 32


    Conference32nd International Electric Vehicle Symposium 2019
    Abbreviated titleEVS 2019
    Internet address


    • MaaS (mobility as a service)
    • eMaaS (electric Mobility as a Service))
    • Electric Mobility Systems
    • Shared Electric Mobility Services


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