Stern tube seals under static condition: A multi-scale contact modeling approach

F. Xavier Borras*, Mohammad Bazrafshan, Matthijn B. De Rooij, Dirk J. Schipper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
74 Downloads (Pure)


A thermomechanical model of a stern tube seal has been developed by paying particular attention to the contact between the seal and the shaft. The finite element method is used to capture the macroscopic behavior of the seal while roughness was evaluated at a microscopic level by applying the boundary element method. The seal material was independently characterized, and the results were used to calibrate the material constitutive model used for the seal. Two specialized setups were built to validate the model in terms of radial force, contact width, and percolation threshold. By combining the two models, the strains, stresses, temperature, and the limits of static tightness can be predicted at high accuracy for a wide range of operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-195
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology
Issue number1
Early online date13 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Lip seal
  • modeling
  • sealing
  • stern tube
  • 22/1 OA procedure


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