Strategically flexible production: the multi-focused manufacturing paradigm

Gianluca Spina, Emilio Bartezzaghi, Andrea Bert, Rafaella Cagliano, Domien Draaijer, Harry Boer

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    45 Citations (Scopus)
    132 Downloads (Pure)


    Defines a new manufacturing paradigm and investigates its adoption and performances, within the assembly industry on a global basis. The definition of the paradigm is based on a set of basic principles to design and manage production systems which discard the traditional way of organizing manufacturing activities, and pool companies which pursue different manufacturing strategies and implement different innovative techniques. The paradigm is characterized by the simultaneous implementation of three principles: strategic multi‐focusedness, integration of business processes across functions, and process ownership. Starting from an operationalization based on fuzzy logic, explores the hypotheses about the adoption and the performance improvements of the multi‐focused manufacturing paradigm using a sample from the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey (IMSS) database. The paradigm has been adopted widely across countries and industries involved in the IMSS survey. Shows that process ownership is poorly implemented by most of the companies at the moment, while multi‐focusedness and integration are more on hand. Companies which have adopted the paradigm are improving their performance significantly better and quicker than partial or non‐adopters. Highlights different possible patterns that the companies can follow to reach core adoption of the multi‐focused manufacturing paradigm.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20-41
    Number of pages22
    JournalInternational journal of operations & production management
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 1996


    • Implementation
    • Manufacturing
    • Production
    • Strategy


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